This magical city of bridges, cathedrals, gold-tipped towers and church domes, has been mirrored in the surface of the swan-filled Vltava River for more than ten centuries. Almost undamaged by WWII, Prague’s medieval centre remains a wonderful mixture of cobbled lanes, walled courtyards, cathedrals and countless church spires all in the shadow of her majestic 9th century castle that looks eastward as the sun sets behind her. Prague is also a modern and vibrant city full of energy, music, cultural art, fine dining and special events catering to the independent traveller’s thirst for adventure.
It is regarded by many as one of Europe’s most charming and beautiful cities, Prague has become the most popular travel destination in Central Europe along with Vienna and Krakow. Millions of tourists visit the city every year.
Prague was founded in the later 9th century, and soon became the seat of Bohemian kings, some of whom ruled as emperors of the Holy Roman Empire. The city thrived under the rule of Charles IV, who ordered the building of the New Town in the 14th century – many of the city’s most important attractions date back to that age. The city also went under Habsburg rule and became the capital of a province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1918, after World War I, the city became the capital of Czechoslovakia. After 1989 many foreigners, especially young people, moved to Prague. In 1992, its historic centre was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. In 1993, Czechoslovakia split into two countries and Prague became capital city of the new Czech Republic.
The Vltava River runs through Prague, which is home to about 1.2 million people. The capital may be beautiful, but pollution often hovers over the city due to its location in the Vltava River basin.
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There are three terminals: Terminal 1 for non-Schengen flights and Terminal 2 for Schengen flights are connected whilst Terminal 3 for private jets is two stops away by bus. Located 20 km (12 mi) northwest of the city centre, it generally takes about 30 min to reach the city centre by car.
Terminals 1 and 2 are close to each other and host most of the flights, whereas Terminal 3 is somewhat further on the highway and serves mainly private and charter planes. When going back to the airport, remember to look up the terminal number so that you can arrive directly to the correct one.
The airport is quite big, modern and spacious. Considerable walking time may be needed between the security control and the exit gate. For terminal 2, gates starting with C have 5 minutes walking time, gates starting with B have 10 minutes walking time, and gates starting with A have 15 minutes walking time.
Unlike other airports, there is an extra control on the size of your hand-luggage operated by the airport authorities.
There is free Wi-Fi coverage all around the building (limited to 15 minutes free usage).
There are smokers’ lounges near many gates.
At arrival, it is possible to exchange currency before leaving the baggage drop area, but you will get much better rates in the city.
Airport Express (bus operated by Czech Railways): These buses leave the airport every 30 minutes. Going to the airport, buses run from 6.35 to 22.05; going to the city centre they run from 5.45 to 21.15. Tickets cost 60 CZK per person (or less, if bought as a part of railway ticket further into Czech Republic), public transport tickets are not valid there. Tickets are available from the driver. The route runs via Dejvická station (metro line A), Náměstí Republiky station (metro line B) and Prague Masaryk Station (Praha Masarykovo nádraží; metro line B, Náměstí Republiky station), with the last stop being Prague’s main train station (“Hlavní nádraží” which is commonly abbreviated in Czech as “Praha hl.n.”). From there the bus runs back to the airport. The trip takes 30-40 minutes. Tickets are cheaper when bought online and for larger groups (40 CZK for one person, 70 CZK for two persons (i.e. 35 CZK per person), 111 CZK for four persons, 192 CZK for eight persons).
Cedaz bus: (but in fact the owner is AAA taxi) These buses operate from 07:30 to 19:00 every half hour. They will take you into the city centre to the “V Celnici” street. Fares are 130 CZK per person.